Sometimes it’s unavoidable, but running around putting out “fires” all day and allowing incoming phone calls and emails to dictate how you spend your day will mean these “emergencies” may be all you’re able to accomplish.
If you can, plan for obstacles so you can focus on the priorities and skip the fire drill. Set aside time for responding to emails, but don’t let them determine how your day will look. Have a plan of attack at the start of each day, and then do your best to stick to it.
I also like to turn off notifications when I’m working on a big task. No one can be expected to resist the allure of an email, voicemail, or text notification. During certain times, turn off your notifications, and instead, build in time to check email and messages later.